The University of Southampton
Courses

PODY2028 Administration & Supply Pharmacology

Module Overview

The access and supply pharmacology and local anaesthesia module provides second year (level 5) students with the opportunity to development skills and knowledge of pharmacology as applied in practice through rights to the sale, supply and administration of an approved list of medicines, alongside practical training and education in the parenteral administration of local anaesthesia. By integrating previous learning at level 4 and concomitant learning at level 5, students will develop appropriate assessment, diagnostic and management strategies in the formulation of medicines management plans from within the restricted formulary permitted for graduate practice, as reflected in the regulatory annotations granted on graduation. Formulation of medicines management planning and application will be grounded in an appreciation of contemporary legal requirements and current best practice informed through national and professional guidance.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• To examine a range of pharmacological agents of podiatric relevance • To develop an understanding of key pharmacological mechanisms • To equip students with knowledge and understanding applicable to the clinical setting • To enhance communication skills and enhance professional and inter-professional relationships.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Demonstrate clinical reasoning skills in neurological, vascular, musculoskeletal and dermatological assessment and diagnosis applicable to patients seen on placement where appropriate
  • Explain & clinically evaluate the basic principles of drug action and characteristics of drugs relevant to podiatry
  • Evaluate the indications, contra-indications and potential complications of local analgesia use
  • Recognise appropriate interdisciplinary roles to patient care
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Discuss the clinical and legal criteria for selection of particular pharmacological agents in patient care
  • Calculate and practice safe and appropriate use of local analgesia
  • Recognise clinical emergencies associated with use of local analgesia / nail surgery
  • Justify the need to be up to date and aware of change (for example in current drug use) in the context of lifelong learning
  • Demonstrate effective communication skills with patients, health care professionals and other team members
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Demonstrate time management skills including the ability to prioritise competing demands
  • Apply the skills needed for academic study and enquiry
  • Demonstrate reflective practice and problem solving skills applied to clinical situations
  • Utilise problem solving skills and effective management of time
  • Examine the evidence base for the role of specific therapeutic skills used within podiatry
Subject Specific Practical Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Practice safe and appropriate use of local analgesia
  • Perform operative and psychomotor skills using a high degree of manual dexterity (e.g. scalpel reduction of skin and nail lesions)
  • Requisition, where appropriate, specialist clinical or laboratory tests such as x-ray, microscopy and culture in order to accurately diagnose lower limb health status
  • Formulate suitable management strategies/care plans in conjunction with the patient, to include prescription and non-prescription medicines, orthoses prescription and selection, other physical and mechanical therapies
  • Develop an effective interdisciplinary approach to patient care
  • Exercise a duty of care to patients/clients/carers in the context of independent single handed practice within the NHS, private practice and the industrial setting

Syllabus

Students will study: • The action and clinical uses of drugs of relevance to podiatry such as : antimicrobials, antifungal agents, drugs used for disorders of the CVS, CNS, respiratory system, and endocrine system, drugs used for the treatment of musculoskeletal and joint disease and nutritional and blood disorders. • Prescription only medicines schedules (with ref. to podiatrists’ access to drugs) • Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics • Theory and practice of local analgesia • Interdisciplinary approaches to patient care and care planning • The evidence base for specific pharmacological intervention utilised within podiatry

Special Features

For features such as field trips, information should be included as to how students with special needs will be enabled to benefit from this or an equivalent experience. No laboratory or field trips are incorporated within this module. All appropriate learning resources will be placed upon the blackboard facility and careful liaison will be made with student services and learning differences, in order to offer parity of learning experience to all students. Furthermore, ongoing feedback from module mentor will offer a responsive mechanism together with the end of module evaluation to ensure continuous quality enhancement.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The sessions within this module are set to align with those of the Clinical Placement 2, Foot & Ankle MSK and Chronic Conditions modules, thus facilitating maximum consistency throughout the programme. Consequently, there will be opportunity to discuss key facts and real podiatric case studies relative to the outlined content of pharmacology, thereby fostering a deep learning approach appropriate to level 2. The learning and teaching approach within this module will be a case based led one, with relevant hypothetical cases previously prepared by the module staff team and presented for in depth analysis and discussion. In addition, students may also be asked to prepare relevant cases from their own clinical caseloads for discussion during these main lecture sessions. The structure will allow the authentic case to form the central resource enhanced with a blend of keynote research based lectures, practical workshops, small group work and formative peer assessment. Students will be encouraged to use recommended independent learning material, both printed and electronic. Use is made of a range of e-communication learning resources, i.e. pod casts and discussion forums. Weekly seminars will serve to discuss the feedback presented by students from the reading and researching around the case based tasks.

TypeHours
Preparation for scheduled sessions25.5
Lecture46
Practical classes and workshops6
Follow-up work30
Revision80
Total study time187.5

Resources & Reading list

Waller DG, Renwick A, Hiller K, (2005). Medical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 

Metcalfe S, Reilly I, (2010). Foot and Ankle Injection Techniques: A Practical Guide. 

Expected Student numbers: 35. 

Borthwick AM (2012). A Long and winding road: Attaining independent prescribing for podiatrists, Editorial. The Diabetic Foot. ,15 , pp. 97-98.

Additional Journals include:.  Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association Journal of Foot and Ankle Research The Diabetic Foot Professional Nurse

British National Formulary. Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and British Medical Association (year to be commensurate with, or near to, commencement of module study). 

Dale MM, Haylett DG (2008). Pharmacology Condensed. 

Constable S, Winstanley P, Walley T (2007). Medical Pharmacology. 

Borthwick AM, (2014). ‘Medicines in Podiatry: Access, Supply, Administration and Prescribing’, In Hayes C (Ed), Textbook of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery. 

Borthwick AM (2013). Independent Prescribing: where are we now?. Editorial, Podiatry Now. ,16 , pp. 2.

Borthwick AM, Short A, Nancarrow SA, Boyce R (2010). Non-Medical Prescribing in Australasia and the UK: The Case of Podiatry. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. ,3 , pp. 0.

Borthwick AM (2011). Legal terminology: statement from the Medicines Committee. Podiatry Now. ,14 , pp. 14.

Borthwick AM, Fitzpatrick MTJ, Pickard J, Cole K, Mooney J and Wareham C (2011). Demystifying Medicines: understanding your rights. CPD Insert, Podiatry Now. ,14 , pp. S1 – S8.

Equipment: Fully equipped lecture facilities, Anatomy TV or equivalent, fully equipped skills lab. Simulation models for LA administration.. 

Rang H, Dale M, Ritter J, Flower R (2007). Pharmacology. 

Staffing: Contact time 88 hours: Senior Lecturer as 3 staff needed for each practical session 9 hours: Visiting Lecturers. 9 different staff members teach into this module.. 

A wide range of books, articles and online learning resources are available to support the content of this module. Suggestions will be made session by session but students will be expected to select additional reading appropriate to their needs.. 

Borthwick AM (2001). Drug prescribing in podiatry: radicalism or tokenism?. British Journal of Podiatry. ,4 , pp. 56-64.

Borthwick AM (2005). ‘In the Beginning’: Local Anaesthesia and the Croydon Postgraduate Group. British Journal of Podiatry. ,8 , pp. 87-101.

Gilheany MF and Borthwick AM (2009). Recent Developments in Podiatric Prescribing in the UK and Australia, Commentary Paper. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. ,2 , pp. 0.

Facilities: Lecture rooms- 10 sessions. Skills lab -6 sessions. 

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Exam  (30 minutes) 20%
Exam 80%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Exam 20%
Exam 80%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Costs

Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Travel Costs for placements

The module will incur costs of visiting lecturers (there are two visiting lecturers central to the teaching of the module). Each are employed as visiting lecturers within the Faculty of Health Sciences and thus covered within the programme costs. There are no additional costs for students.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at www.calendar.soton.ac.uk.

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