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The University of Southampton

PSIO1031 Human Movement and Function (FPP)

Module Overview

This module underpins broad physiotherapeutic practice by providing you with the ability to understand and analyse normal movement. It will facilitate the move from the theoretical understanding of anatomy to its practical application. You will learn the surface marking of anatomical structures (nerves, blood vessels) and the palpation of bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons. This module will provide you with the knowledge and principles of normal human movement and function as a preparation for the following Clinical Assessment and Treatment module.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe and distinguish different types of movement and muscle action.
  • Explain the relevance / application of anatomy to function and physiological / structural change.
  • Describe and analyse: 1) normal functional human movement (identifying abnormal movement components) 2) basic postures 3) gait patterns
  • Translate specific principles from physics, biomechanics and ergonomics to normal human function; explaining the principles and application of measurement techniques based on biomechanics or electrophysiology.
  • Demonstrate skill in the localisation of bony points, joint lines and soft tissue structures, the application of selected clinical tests and the measurement of passive/active ROM of a joint with a goniometer.
  • Understand and prescribe clinical exercise for strengthening, flexibility, proprioception and mobility.
  • Prescribe and teaching the safe and effective use of walking aids.


This module provides an introduction to the analysis of normal human movement (kinesiology). Initially this will include fundamental issues (planes, axes, anatomical terminology, types of movement & muscle action and basic biomechanics). Having attained the core concepts students will learn to analyse simple movement patterns of the limbs. Students will progress to analyse posture, simple gait patterns and simple movement patterns of the trunk; establishing clear links to anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and neurology. Common signs and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal will be considered. The use of electrophysiological methods of measurement (real time ultrasound) will be demonstrated and discussed. Fundamental skills of goniometry, muscle testing and specific clinical tests will be taught following a logical progression through the body.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Key-note lectures will be used to introduce the fundamental principles and theoretical base of the core areas studied. Significant emphasis will be placed on the learning of 'hands on' clinical skills and the application of these skills to further understanding of anatomy, physiology and analytical techniques Lectures and group work will be followed by practical sessions to develop competency in the safe and effective use of analysis, palpation and assessment techniques. The practical sessions will include demonstrations and the use of case studies for clinical relevance. Students will be given directed study activities and guidance to facilitate further self-directed study. Students will be expected to present such topics for discussion amongst their peers.

Independent Study118.5
Total study time187.5

Resources & Reading list

Field D, Owen Hutchinson J (2013). Field's Anatomy, Palpation and Surface Markings (5th edition). 

Hoppenfeld S (awaiting arrival ?? 2020). Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities. 

Kendal FP, McCreary EK, Provance PE, Rogers MM and Romani WA (2010). Muscle Testing and Function. 

Jones K, Barker K (1996). Human Movement Explained. 

Lumley JSP (2008). Surface Anatomy. 

Nordin C, Lewek M, Levangie P (2019). Joint Structure and Function. 

Ayyappa E (1997). Normal Human Locomotion, Part 1; Basic Concepts and Terminology. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics. ,9 , pp. 10-17.

Low J, Read A (1996). Basic Biomechanics Explained. 

Palastanga N, Soames R (2018). Anatomy and Human Movement. 


Assessment Strategy

The module will be examined by an Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE) (30 minutes) -5mins reading + 25mins practical examination. The OSPE mark contributes 100% of the final mark. A formative mock OSPE will be offered to all students where they will receive both verbal and written feedback.


Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE)


MethodPercentage contribution
Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE)  (30 minutes) 100%


MethodPercentage contribution
Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:


There are no additional costs associated with this module.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

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