European countries and the European Union (EU) as a collective actor seek to co-shape the international order and forms of global governance. The EU, its member-states and associated countries face new uncertainties and risks, however, from normative and economic to political and security/military challenges and threats. These mark a shift from security to risk since the end of the Cold War which in retrospect appears as a stable environment for Western European international influence in a US-dominated Western world. This module critically examines how to conceptualize Europe’s and the EU’s changing role in international relations. It also addresses Europe’s and the EU’s evolving and sometimes conflictual relations with other states and world regions in an increasingly multipolar world. The analytical and normative orientation and wide geographical scope, curiosity-driven critical thinking and discussion, and working both individually and in groups, ensures that the module supports the development of a wide range of Hallmarks of a Portsmouth Graduate. In particular students will: have a critical and reflective knowledge and understanding of their subject, with both the ability and readiness to question its principles, practices and boundaries (HM1); think independently, analytically and creatively, and engage imaginatively with new areas of investigation within and across discipline boundaries (HM2); b able to synthesise new and existing knowledge to generate ideas and develop creative solutions of benefit to the economy and society (HM3); be intellectually curious, embrace challenges and seize opportunities for development (HM4); be able to locate, access and critically engage with information, using current and emerging digital technologies (HM5); be effective team players, able to provide leadership and to support the success of others (HM7); be able to communicate clearly and effectively, in a range of forms and to different audiences (HM8); be able to work in a range of environments, responding positively to new situations by being aware, flexible, adaptable and realistic in their expectations (HM10).