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The University of Southampton

SOES6051 Reproduction in Marine Invertebrates

Module Overview

This module will cover all aspects of reproduction in marine invertebrates.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

1. To introduce students to the mechanisms by which marine organisms reproduce. 2. To show the different larval types and reproductive patterns. 3. To establish experiments on reproduction. 4. To be able to conduct and deliver a research project.

Learning Outcomes

Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Knowledge of practical lab skills
  • Systematics, identification of larvae
  • Experimental manipulation
  • Analysis and presentation of data
  • Write-up of data as Research Article Manuscript for specialist journal (Marine Biology).
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Experimentation and time management
  • Multi-tasking
  • Observation skills
Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe all aspects of reproduction in marine invertebrates
  • Distinguish between modes of reproduction in different taxa
  • Solve reproductive data by experimental design and implementation.
  • Identify different larval types in a wide variety of groups.
  • Analyse and present experimental data.


The lectures will include reproductive morphology and histology, oogenesis and spermatogenesis, fertilization kinetics, biodiversity in larval forms and detailed analysis of embryonic and larval development in specific taxa of marine invertebrates. Also studied will be larval physiology and larval behaviours. The course has a strong practical element including histological techniques, some boatwork, experimental work in the laboratory, larval analysis from plankton, spawning and embryonic development. The student will also conduct a special project on an aspect of reproduction.

Special Features

Pre-requisites: SOES1011 Introduction To Functional Marine Biology 2016-17, SOES1007 MARINE INVERTEBRATES 2016-17, SOES2011 Marine Vertebrates 2016-17

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Formal Lectures: lectures and practicals will provide an introduction to the theory underlying all aspects of reproduction. Each lecture systematically covers the main concepts and topics by the use of PowerPoint presentations. The third week is for research projects and presentation of results. Where relevant, lecturer's own research experience in the appropriate fields is brought into the lecturing sessions. References to the applicable chapter of course text and/or other relevant journal articles are provided as essential reading for each lecture. Practical sessions: exemplify the theory covered during formal lectures allowing you to develop particular skills of relevance to all aspects of reproductive biology and a range of related experimental techniques in the lab. A wide range of support can be provided for those students who have further or specific learning and teaching needs.

Independent Study64
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Blackboard. The lecture material is summarised at Instructions for accessing this material will be given during the course



MethodPercentage contribution
Data Analysis 80%
Oral presentation 20%
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