Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Describe the physical basis, the limitations and the information available from NMR spectroscopy as a structural method.
- Identify the structures and properties of some important Groups 13-18 elements and their compounds with a view to gaining a better understanding of broad diversity in their chemical properties, their importance in the natural environment and their role in the development of bonding theories.
- Evaluate the risks associated with an experiment and understand how to mitigate against those risks.
- Present the results of a practical investigation in a concise manner.
- Qualitatively discuss simple trends in the physical properties of transition metals and their formation of coordination complexes with ligands.
- Interpret data from a range of physical techniques to characterise inorganic componds.
- Recognise fundamental variables and general trends across the periodic table and predict molecular geometries and structures, recognising the importance of inert-pair effect, coordination geometries, oxidation state, electronegativity, ionisation energy, VSEPR, etc..
- Describe bonding models that can be applied to a consideration of the properties of transition metal compounds.
- Set up glassware and apparatus to conduct experiments in Inorganic Chemistry.
- Qualitatively predict and/or interpret the NMR spectra of simple molecular species.
- Topic 1 – Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Basis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy
- Chemical shift, chemical shielding, coupling, decoupling and isotopomers
- Application to general molecular species including main group and transition metal examples
- Emphasis placed on and spectral prediction from structure and structural elucidation from spectra
- Topic 2 - Transition Metal Chemistry
- Properties of the d-block elements, ligands, dn configurations, oxidation states and trends
- Electrode potentials, Latimer and Frost diagrams
- Coordination geometries, isomerism in coordination complexes
- Ligand classifications and bonding interactions
- Crystal Field Theory; common crystal field splittings (octahedral, tetrahedral and square-planar)
- High and low spin cases, Crystal Field Stabilisation Energy (CFSE), and its structural and thermodynamic consequences
- The spectrochemical series, and other factors affecting the crystal field splitting parameter, Δ
- The Jahn-Teller effect
- Colour, electronic spectroscopy (d¹) and selection rules
- Magnetism and determination of number of unpaired electrons
- Complex stability and the chelate effect
- Topic 3 - Main Group Chemistry
- Periodicity – variations in electronegativity, oxidation state, metallic character, atomic size and ionisation energy within the periodic table
- Comparative main group chemistry
- Trends in the chemistry of the elements of Groups 13, 14, 15; bond character and strengths; acid-base chemistry, Brønsted-Lowry systems, Lewis systems and donor-acceptor compounds
- Trends in the chemistry of the elements of Groups 16, 17 and 18; investigation of their natural occurrence, halides, hydrides, oxides, oxoacids and interhalogen chemistry
- Completion of four practical experiments and associated reports covering a range of topics and skills in inorganic chemistry including the application of a variety of advanced techniques and methodologies (including spectroscopy) to the synthesis and analysis of molecules and materials; the ability to understand and communicate the experimental methods and outcomes; understanding the importance of experimental safety and time management.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures, problem-solving Seminars with group working and tutor support
Practical chemistry: Prelaboratory e-learning; pre-lab skills lectures/ Seminars; practical sessions, supporting demonstrations, group and one-to-one tuition
|Wider reading or practice||15|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||48|
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
M J Winter. Chemical Bonding. Oxford Chemistry Primer 15, OUP.
C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe (2012). Inorganic Chemistry. London: Pearson.
James Keeler and Peter Wothers (2008). Chemical Stucture and Reactivity. OUP.
W G Richards and P R Scott. Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules. Oxford Chemistry Primer 26, OUP.
Andrew Burrows, John Holman, Andrew Parsons, Gwen Pilling, and Gareth Price (2013). Chemistry3: Introducing inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. OUP.
J S Ogden. Introduction to Molecular Symmetry. Oxford Chemistry Primer 97, OUP.
D M P Mingos (1995). Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 1. Oxford: Oxford Chemistry Primer 28, OUP.
All absences from practical sessions must be validated. Unexcused absences will result in failure of the module.
Repeat year externally: allowed if practical component passed. The practical marks are retained, the theory assessment is exam only.
Repeat year internally: note that practical may be reassessed by resubmission of reports or repeated.
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Tutorial
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal & External