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The University of Southampton

EDUC3038 Post-16 Education: Critical Observations

Module Overview

This module will incorporate critical observation and analysis of diverse aspects of post-16 education. You will develop your knowledge and understanding of the values and theories of post-16 education that underpin current practice. Your time in school might normally include lesson observations, discussions with teachers, meetings with staff, working with individuals or small groups of pupils/students in classrooms alongside teachers/tutors, or examination of school policy documents. An enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) with Child Barred List check is required for this module and must be in place before the start of the second week. PLEASE NOTE: DBS can take up to ten weeks to obtain; failure to meet this requirement will result in you having to choose an alternative module. It is your responsibility to obtain the DBS clearance at your own cost. Please contact the Education Student Office at: regarding application.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • You will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the underlying values, principles, context and practices relevant to post-16 education
  • You will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of effective teaching and learning approaches appropriate to post-16 education
  • You will be able to systematically analyse educational concepts, theories, policy and practice in a post-16 context
  • You will be able to select and apply a range of relevant theoretical and research-based evidence (primary and secondary sources), to extend your knowledge and understanding
  • You will be able to organise and articulate opinions and arguments in both speech and writing using relevant specialist vocabulary


The module will incorporate critical observation and analysis of some aspects of teaching within post-16 education, with particular attention to the theory and application of evidence-led practice for effective teaching and learning. Topics normally covered in this module will include: - Context of post-16 and lifelong learning; - Qualifications frameworks; - Recent policy and legislation and its impact; - An introduction to ideas about how post-16 students learn; - An introduction to ideas about effective post-16 teaching; - Practical application of ideas about effective teaching and learning; - How to make critical observations about effective teaching and learning in a classroom setting.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

This module is taught through a mix of interactive teaching sessions, directed reading and suggested additional research. Typically, there will be an interactive lecture and seminar each week with the exception of the weeks during your visits to a post-16 setting. You will be expected to carry out critical observations normally in one post-16 setting (a minimum of 8 hours). Opportunities for tutorial support will be available.

Placement Hours8
Follow-up work16
Completion of assessment task46
Preparation for scheduled sessions16
Wider reading or practice40
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Muijs D. and Reynolds D. (2011). Effective Teaching: Evidence and Practice. 



MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework  (1000 words) 20%
Coursework  (500 words) 10%
Individual assignment  (2500 words) 70%


MethodPercentage contribution
Individual assignment  (4000 words) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

Recommended texts for this module may be available in limited supply in the University Library and students may wish to purchase reading texts as appropriate.


You will be responsible for any travel costs. You need a Disclosure and Baring Service (DBS) check. You will be responsible for the associated costs of a DBS. For up to date information about DBS costs see: Please contact the Education Student Office ( as soon as possible regarding application and further details.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

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