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The University of Southampton

FEEG6019 Energy Storage Applications

Module Overview

This module covers the context, technology and policy surrounding the application of energy storage, in both stationary and vehicular applications. It subsequently studies the integration, interface, control, protection and utilisation of energy storage technologies, building upon a previous CDT course in Energy Storage technologies.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Fundamentals of energy storage application (e.g. temporal storage needs) and principles of energy conversion
  • Principles of battery and other electrochemical systems (e.g. supercapacitors), heat engines, superconducting magnetic energy storage systems, mechanical energy systems
  • Principles of power electronics and energy management systems
  • Pros and cons of current commercial and demonstration energy storage units
  • Environmental and social impact of applied energy storage technologies
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Search and critically review technical literature
  • Analyse complex energy systems
  • Be able to propose, analyse and size an energy storage system (energy and power rating, volume, mass etc) for a given application
  • Compare different engineering technologies from various perspectives
  • Write an essay on a technical topic
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Think, observe, communicate, evaluate information and data, analyse and solve problems
Subject Specific Practical Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Possess the basic skills to work in energy and related industry or the government


This module will be delivered to the CDT cohort over an 8 week period, with the lectures to be delivered in two, separate, concentrated weeks, with 6 weeks of self-study time. Guest lectures will be delivered at convenient times during this 8 week module. Lecture Programme (topics only, not specific lectures) 1. Introduction – revision of energy storage technologies (electrochemical, mechanical, thermal, SMES) 2. Temporal range of energy storage applications 3. The need for energy storage – grid and vehicular applications 4. Appreciation of balancing the Electric Power system 5. Basic electrical machines – generators 6. Basic electric machines - motors 7. Vehicle energy demand and the useof storage 8. Battery systems – characteristics of different batteries, behaviour at different rates, charging profiles 9. Battery cells, modules and packs, including thermal behaviour 10. Battery management systems – requirement and design 11. Battery management systems – communications 12. Supercapacitor modules and packs – cell balancing 13. Heat engines and thermal storage systems – issues 14. SMES – cryostats, insulation, limitations, behaviour 15. Mechanical systems – pumped hydro storage 16. Mechanical systems – practical flywheels 17. Mechanical systems – compressed air energy storage (CAES) 18. Introduction to power electronics – device types and characteristics 19. Power Electronics – converter types including dc/dc and dc/ac 20. Power Electronic Inverters – operating principles 21. Power Electronic inverters – performance including losses 22. Power Electronic inverters – thermal behaviour and cooling 23. Power Electronic inverters – introduction to protection and fault behaviour 24. Power Electronic inverters – control including firing circuits 25. Power Electronic Inverters – software control (e.g. DSP/microcontrollers) 26. Power Electronic converters – battery chargers 27. Energy Storage demonstrators – pumped hydro 28. Energy Storage demonstrators – stationary battery systems 29. Energy Storage demonstrators – flywheels 30. Energy Storage demonstrators – CAES 31. Energy Storage demonstrators – thermal systems 32. Environmental impact of energy storage – pumped hydro, battery systems 33. Recycling batteries (vehicles) 34. Modelling energy stores and systems 35. Rating an energy store for a given application 36. Sheffield battery system – training and trading case study 37. Southampton 80kVA inverter system – training and appreciation – case study 38. Southampton superconductivity – demo and case study/lab visit 39. Guest lectures – Culham/JET 40. Guest lectures – SSE/Slough smart homes and BESS 41. Guest lectures – Lotus or ADL re: vehicular storage 42. Guest lectures – National Grid 43. Guest lectures – Ofgem Laboratory Programme 1. Introduction to microcontrollers and programming 2. 3 phase inverter laboratory using microcontrollers and motor control

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The teaching methods employed in the delivery of this module include: - Lectures (including guest lectures) - Seminars - Demonstrations and video material when appropriate - Scheduled tutorials for student groups to develop assignment study - Laboratories The learning activities include: - Individual reading of background material and course texts, plus work on examples. - Web based problems (via Blackboard)

Independent Study227
Supervised time in studio/workshop6
Total study time300

Resources & Reading list

Ter-Gazarian, A.G (2011). Energy Storage for Power Systems. 

Mohan, Ned (2003). Power Electronics: converters, applications, and design. 

Glaize, C (2013). Lithium Batteries and other Electrochemical Storage Systems. 

Broussely, M, Elsevier (2007). Industrial Applications of Batteries – from cars to aerospace and energy storage. 





MethodPercentage contribution
Essay 35%
Examination 50%
Laboratory 7.5%
Laboratory 7.5%


MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework assignment(s) 100%


MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework assignment(s) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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