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The University of Southampton

GEOG6097 Data Collection and Research Methods for Sustainability

Module Overview

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

To support students to develop their understanding of data, why it is needed in understanding sustainability, and providing them with the practical skills to gather and analyse that data. The skills can then be applied to successfully plan and design research and consider the best way to communicate their research findings.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Formulate research questions and associated hypotheses.
  • Plan a research project to address those research questions.
  • Understand why risk assessments and ethical assessments are needed for data collection and able to create these.
  • Conduct a review of relevant and appropriate literature.
  • Have an awareness and practical knowledge a range of quantitative and qualitative modes of scientific enquiry.
  • Use appropriate data sets (primary and/or secondary) and devising a suitable schedule of analysis, which may involve fieldwork.
  • Effectively utilise data and other evidence adopting correct statistical or qualitative practices.
  • Produce and structure a research report in the approved format.
  • Understand what makes for a good research proposal and report.


- Finding and managing literature - Producing a literature review - Academic Integrity - Ethics applications - Risk assessments - What is qualitative research? - Qualitative methods - Ethnographical research - Qualitative field work - Why use quantitative research? - Quantitative data: understanding and analysis - Quantitative data: presentation - Data-base quantitative report - Guest lectures – demonstration of methods in action - Research proposals

Special Features

A local (within Southampton), single day-based field trip will allow the collection of data which contributes to the qualitative assessment in the module. This will allow all students to engage without having to travel to difficult locations and it is hoped this makes the trip accessible to all students. If a student feels unable to participate (through special needs or disabilities) then an equivalent experience can be provided, making use of data collected by students as well as relevant secondary data to create a virtual field trip. As well as an equivalent experience, this would provide the student the data they would require for completion of the associated assessment.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

This module uses applied and participatory learning approaches, within and beyond the classroom, to explore and instruct in data collection and research methods for sustainability. Sessions are designed to inform, inspire and give an opportunity for students to apply what they have learnt through problem-based qualitative field work and quantitative practical sessions. For seminar sessions, students are provided with material to review in advance for staff-led group discussion, to further their understanding. Field work and quantitative statistical practical sessions are used to give hands-on application of the methods and best practice which students have been taught and lead into the assessments for the module.

Independent Study110
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

R. Kumar (2005). Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. 

Vaccaro, I., Smith, E.A, Aswani, S. (2010). Environmental Social Sciences Methods and Research Design. 


Assessment Strategy

• Student needs to gain an average pass mark of 50% to successfully complete this module


MethodPercentage contribution
Report 25%
Report 25%
Research proposal 50%


MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework assignment(s) %

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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