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The University of Southampton

HPRS1024 Scientific basis of Cardiovascular/Respiratory and Sleep Science Part 2

Module Overview

The overall aim of this module is to ensure the student understands the breadth of the application of the science across the cardiovascular science / respiratory & sleep science and is able to work safely within these environments.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

To ensure that the student understands the breadth of the application of science across Cardiovascular / Respiratory & Sleep Science and is able to work safely within these environments.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe the role of Cardiology, Vascular, Respiratory & Sleep Science in relevant patient pathways.
  • Understand the application of safe and effective clinical practice in diagnostic physiological measurement.
  • Understand the basic principles underpinning the routine investigations and procedures carried out in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular and respiratory & sleep pathologies.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of patient-centred care.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the range of needs of people with disabilities.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of effective multidisciplinary team working in the investigation and treatment of patients.
  • Become recipients of research evidence in healthcare science by considering the range of research activity in healthcare science / cardiac physiology / respiratory & sleep physiology by accessing professional journals and associated literature.
  • Discuss complex scientific information in ways that can be understood by patients and practitioners in other areas.
  • Work safely in relevant areas.


Indicative Content • Application of safe and effective clinical practice in physiological measurement • Risk management • Infection control • Team working • Partners in the management of disease • Patient-centred care • Disability including learning disabilities • Children and adults • Communication skills • Team Working Introduction to Cardiology and Vascular Science • Cardiac and vascular pathophysiology Investigations and procedures carried out in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac and vascular • disease • Contextualise diagnostic data with respect to cardiac pathology • Characteristics of recording equipment and their evaluation • Ultrasound and physiological measurement systems in the evaluation of the vascular system • Common abbreviations and units Introduction to Respiratory and Sleep Science • Investigations and procedures carried out in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disease including sleep disorders • Characteristics of equipment and their evaluation • Calibration and quality control procedures • Communicable disease and microbiological hazards in the Respiratory Laboratory • Methods of sterilisation and disinfection • Physiological measurement systems in the evaluation of lung function • Dynamic lung volumes and transfer factors: mechanics and measurement • Physiological measurement systems used to measure respiration during sleep • Calculation of reference values

Special Features

This module will be supported by the very strong science base within the University of Southampton. We have very successful programmes in life sciences, medicine, engineering and science (including the Institute of Sound & Vibration Research) all of which are well resourced in both staff and equipment. It is our intention to maximise opportunities for our students to work within this robust academic environment by sharing learning opportunities and being exposed to experts in the field. Students will have access to state of the art laboratories both on Highfield campus and at University Hospital Southampton which are fully equipped with learning resources and specialist equipment. The human anatomy laboratory, for instance, will provide a strong learning environment for our students as they are introduced to anatomy and physiology. In order to support this programme the Faculty has invested in four new ‘Lab-Tutor’ simulated learning software packages with the associated hardware. These will supplement the existing simulated learning equipment (SimMan) that has been used very successfully on our existing programmes.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Students will learn by exploring material in seminars and laboratory practicals in conjunction with directed learning. Students will be encouraged to take responsibility for the development of their own learning by utilising a variety of means such as multimedia resources, and the library, and by self-directed development of the study skills necessary to access these resources.

Wider reading or practice100
Preparation for scheduled sessions30
Practical classes and workshops40
Total study time375

Resources & Reading list

Aaronson, P., Ward J & Connolly, M. (2012). The Cardiovascular System at a Glance. 

MacIntyre, N & Branson, R. (2009). Mechanical ventilation. 

Cooper, B. (2005). Practical handbook of respiratory function testing: Part One and Part Two. 

Lee-Chiong, T. (2006). Sleep: a comprehensive handbook. 

Opie,l. (2004). Heart Physiology: From Cell to Circulation. 

McNicholas, W & Phillipson, E. (2008). Breathing Disorders in Sleep. 

Elsevier (2007). Fundamentals of sleep technology. 

Chokroverty, S. & Thomas, R. (2005). Atlas of Sleep Medicine. 

This module is fully supported by an online learning system (Blackboard Academic Suite) which enable students to access course information, course resources, lecture notes and power-point presentations. It also enables them to share information through discussion boards and to take part in interactive activity such as mock assessment questions.. 

Guyton, A. & Hall, J. (2009). Textbook of Medical Physiology. 

Kumar, P. & Clark, M. (2009). Clinical Medicine. 

West, J. (2008). Pulmonary Pathophysiology. 

Tortora, G. (2009). Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. 

Mitler, M. & Poceta, J. (1998). Sleep disorders: diagnosis and treatment. 

Phillips, B. (2004). Obstructive Sleep Apnea. 

Klabunde, R. (2005). Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts. 

Ward, J., Ward, J. & Weiner C. (2006). The respiratory system at a glance. 

Kushida, C. (2008). Handbook of Sleep Disorders. 

Bourke, S. (2003). Lecture notes on respiratory medicine. 

Sunthareswaran, R. (2004). Cardiovascular System. 

Morris, F. (2008). The ABC of Clinical Electrocardiography. 

Marieb, E (2004). Human Anatomy & Physiology. 

Simonds, A. (2007). Non-invasive respiratory support: a practical handbook. 

Cotes, J., Chinn, D. & Miller, R. (2006). Lung function: physiology, measurement and application in medicine. 





MethodPercentage contribution
Short answer paper  (1.5 hours) 50%
Written exam  (1.5 hours) 50%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: External

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