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The University of Southampton

DEMO2014 Population Analysis

Module Overview

The module will discuss age-sex structures and relevant demographic measures, standardisation, the principles of the Lexis chart, period and cohort measures, life tables, uncertainty in demographic outcomes and measures, review of simple population estimation techniques, cohort-component projections, as well as analytical methods for measuring components of population change from censuses and vital registration data as well as surveys.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

The aim of this module is to deepen and extend your familiarity with and skills in using methods for measuring demographic phenomena, analysing and interpreting demographic data.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Define and interpret key concepts in demography and measures of demographic processes
  • Carry out independent research and effective management of assignment projects and study resources.
  • Apply the concept of the Lexis diagram in age-period-cohort analyses
  • Construct life tables and cohort-component projections, and interpret their results
  • Apply various methods of population analysis in diverse contexts and evaluate their potential strengths and limitations.
  • Appreciate the inherent uncertainty and limitations of population estimates and projections.
  • Demonstrate the capacity to undertake critical appraisals of different methods of population analysis and their outcomes.
  • Calculate measures related to components of population change and population structures, including demographic models.
  • Develop skills in the analysis and interpretation of data and especially the adoption of a critical approach to appraising population data
  • Develop skills in calculating and interpreting demographic measures using real data


The syllabus focuses on age-sex structures and additional demographic measures, the Lexis chart, period and cohort measures, uncertainty in demography, review of simple population estimation techniques and evaluation measures, life tables and cohort-component projections, standardisation, as well as analytical methods for particular components of population change.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The module will be taught through interactive lectures and tutorials. There will also be computer workshops where needed.

Independent Study122
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Newell, C. (1988). Methods and models in demography. 

Preston, S., Heuveline, P. and Guillot, M. (2001). Demography: Measuring and modelling population processes. 

Text books, journal articles, online data and Microsoft Excel.. 

Reading List. Reading specific to particular topics will be given out in the relevant lectures. Below, however, is a list of books which are relevant to substantial sections of the module.

Rowland, D.T. (2003). Demographic methods and concepts. 

Hinde, A. (1998). Demographic methods. 

Palmore, J.A. and Gardner, R.W. (1994). Measuring mortality, fertility and natural increase. 

Pollard, A.H., Yusuf, F. and Pollard, G.N. (1990). Demographic techniques. 



MethodPercentage contribution
Assignment 20%
Assignment 20%
Exam  (2 hours) 60%


MethodPercentage contribution
Exam 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisite: DEMO1001

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