The increasing demand for health, but limited resources available to meet the needs of an aging population (with higher levels of chronic disease), makes health economics an important aspect of everyday life as choices must be made as to what health programmes can be provided and how they should be provided. Health economics is relevant to many sectors (e.g. health services, public health, medicine, pharmaceutical and health technology industry), which makes this module of direct interest to the postgraduate programmes in Public Health and Global Health. This module introduces economics and important fundamental economic concepts; considers health care as a commodity; and looks at different types of health care systems that include issues around health behaviour. The module also reviews the methodology in conducting economic evaluation and how these are used to influence decision making.