The module will convey concepts and ideas involved in NanoScience and NanoTechnology to a broad range of physical scientists. The course is intended to provide a guide to the ideas and physical concepts that allow an understanding of the changes that occur as the size scale shrinks toward the atomic scale. Because the field is extremely interdisciplinary, the course will mainly introduce many pervasive concepts such as how to measure on the nanometer scale. A critical theme is the modification of properties by controlling electrons. The course will also discuss approaches and responses to public and media scrutiny of NanoScience.