The primary objective of this module is to provide an overview of the conceptual, methodological and empirical basis for quantifying levels of health in individuals and populations, including the construction of a range of different summary measures that combine information on mortality and non-fatal health outcomes. The course aims to give students an understanding of the technical basis for measurement in international work on population health; and to give students an appreciation of the uses and limitations of these methods in policy-making and priority-setting, particularly in developing countries.
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Discuss approaches for monitoring and evaluating health interventions
- Assess approaches to measuring the determinants of health (including risks and behaviours) and their impacts on health status
- Examine a range of summary measures and indicators for population health and mortality including appraising their strengths and weaknesses.
- Critically evaluate strengths and weaknesses of data sources commonly used to measure health including the data collection process
- Apply frameworks and techniques to measure health care processes and outcomes with a focus on inequalities
The topics covered in this module will focus on quantitative approaches to measuring health and risk factors to ill health including:
- What is health? Definitions and domains.
- Sources and measures of disease incidence and prevalence.
- Asking questions about health and well-being.
- Measurement scales for health.
- The attributable burden of disease: DALYs and other summary measures.
- Risks, rates and ratios: comparative risk analysis - smoking.
- Measuring underlying health risks e.g. health behaviours such as diet, sexual behaviours etc.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
If full face-to-face teaching has not been resumed, teaching will include a mixture of synchronous and asynchronous online methods which will include lectures, short exercises, discussion boards, workshop activities and videos. A range of resources will also be provided for further self-directed study. Face-to-face teaching opportunities will be explored depending on circumstances and feasibility. Assessment 100% coursework.
|Total study time||100|
Resources & Reading list
Szreter S (2003). The Population Health Approach in Historical Perspective. American Journal of Public Health., 93(3), pp. 421-431.
Kindig DA. (2007). Understanding Population Health Terminology. Milbank Quarterly, 85(1), pp. 139-161.
Wilkinson RG & Pickett KE (2006). Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence. Social Science & Medicine., 62(7), pp. 1768-1784.
Kindig, DA, Stoddart G. (2003). What is population health?. American Journal of Public Health, 93, pp. 366-369.
Koplan JP, Bond TC, Merson MH, Reddy KS, Rodriguez MH, Sewankambo NK, Wasserheit JN; Consortium of Universities for Global Health Executive Board (2009). Towards a common definition of global health.. Lancet, 373(9679), pp. 1993-1995.
Rockett IRH. (1999). Population and health: An introduction to epidemiology. Population Bulletin, 54(4), pp. pp.48.
Lim SS and others (2012). A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributableto 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for theGlobal Burden of Disease Study 2010.. The Lancet, 380(9859), pp. 2224-60.
Crimmins E, Kim JK, Vasunilashorn S (2010). Biodemography: New approaches to understanding trendsand differences in population health and mortality. Demography, 47(1), pp. S41-S64.
Montgomery M. (2009). Urban poverty and health in developing countries. Population Bulletin, 64(2), pp. pp.20.
Evans R, Stoddart GC. (1990). Producing Health, Consuming Health Care. Social Science & Medicine, 33, pp. 347-1363.
Lopez, Alan D., et al. (2006). Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data.. The Lancet, 367(9524), pp. 1747-1757.
Murray CJL and others (2012). Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet, 380(9859), pp. 2197-223.
Ratzan SC, Filerman GL, LeSar JW. (2000). Attaining global health: Challenges and opportunities. Population Bulletin, 55(1), pp. pp.52.
McDonald JT & Kennedy S (2004). Insights into the 'healthy immigrant effect': health status and health service use of immigrants to Canada.. Social Science & Medicine, 59(8), pp. 1613-1627.
Ewles, L. (2005). Key topics in public health: essential briefings on prevention and health promotions.. Elsevier,: Churchill Livingstone.
Murray CJL and others (2002). Summary Measures of Population Health: Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications. Pub: Geneva: World Health Organisation.
Crisp N. (2010). Turning the world upside down: The search for global health in the 21st Century. London: Royal Society of Medicine Press Ltd.
Barry B Hughes, Randall Kuhn, Cecilia M. Peterson, Dale S. Rothman & Jose R. Solorzano (2011). Improving Global Health: Patterns of potential human progress Volume 3.. Oxford University Press.
Lindstrand A et al. (2006). Global health: an introductory text book. Lund: Studentlitteratur.
Skolnik R. (2008). Essentials of global health. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers Inc..
Kathryn H. Jackobsen (2008). Introduction to Global Health. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Marmot M & Wilkinson RG (Eds.) (2009). Social Determinants of Health. Oxford: OUP.
There will be opportunities to evaluate your progress through formative assessments throughout followed by a final summative assessment based on three online assignments.
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
An internal repeat is where you take all of your modules again, including any you passed. An external repeat is where you only re-take the modules you failed.
Repeat type: Internal & External