Genocide in Myanmar? War crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria? Aggression against Ukraine? Building on the precedent of the post-Second World War trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo, the international community has undertaken to bring individual perpetrators of atrocities to justice. The task of defining the elements of international crimes, designing procedures to provide fair but efficient trials for those in leadership positions within a state, and preventing realpolitik from prevailing over justice presents legal, practical and political challenges.
The International Criminal Justice module provides you with an opportunity to engage in a detailed analysis of the emerging field of substantive, procedural and institutional law as it concerns the most serious violations of human rights amounting to international crimes.
Through analysis of the case law of various international criminal courts and tribunals (e.g. International Criminal Court, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia), you will be introduced to the substantive law of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. You will also study the proceedings and developments before international, internationalised and domestic criminal courts, as well as purely investigative mechanisms (e.g. International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism for Syria), focusing on the role of the different actors, including prosecutors, the accused, victims and judges.