The Locomotor module primarily focuses on the anatomy of the limbs and peripheral nervous system and the physiology and pathology of the locomotor system. The course is composed of four weeks which will introduce students to a range of integrated basic science and clinical disciplines.
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Interpret radiological images relevant to the normal anatomy of the upper and lower limbs
- Describe the sensory and motor pathways of the nervous system and their integration at the brain and spinal cord
- Explain the responses of the body to exercise, the health benefits of physical activity and the public health issues surrounding nutrition and exercise
- Recognise the impact of disease and dysfunction of the locomotor and nervous systems on patients and their families and the scope of treatment and management options available within healthcare
- Describe the structure and function of the upper and lower limbs and discuss the diseases and disorders that may result in the production of pain and disability
- Describe the structure and function of the neuromuscular junction and explain the pharmacological effects of neuromuscular junction drugs and their effects on disease states such as myasthenia gravis
- Describe the structure and function of the nervous system in order to understand the pathological basis of diseases of the nervous and locomotor systems
- Describe the structure, mechanism of contraction and metabolism of skeletal muscle
- Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
- Describe the physical, psychological and social impact of trauma upon the nervous and locomotor systems
- Explain the biomechanics of the locomotor system including normal and abnormal patterns of gait
- Describe the structure, development and pathophysiology of bone and cartilage
In order to meet the learning outcomes, the syllabus will contain teaching in the following areas:
- Upper limb
- Lower limb
- Introduction to musculoskeletal disorders
- Introduction to trauma
- Introduction to orthopaedic surgery
- Medical careers
- Low back pain
- Paediatric disorders of nervous and locomotor systems
- Disability and rehabilitation
- Assessment of the seriously injured patient
- Medical Genetics
- Inheritance in families
- Chromosome and DNA changes causing clinical phenotypes
- Genetic investigations
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Nutrition and Metabolism
- Physical activity and energy expenditure
- Proteins, bone & muscle growth and metabolism
- Proteins, amino acids and nitrogen balance
- Physical activity and obesity
- Wounds and fracture healing
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Introduction to prescribing
- Physiology of bone
- Muscle structure and contraction
- Afferent and efferent transmission and reflexes
- Control of movement
- Neuromuscular junction (NMJ)
- Bodies and minds: What is normal?
- Imaging of the musculoskeletal system
- The social model of disability
- Trauma, self and identity
Anatomy, which constitutes a significant part of the module, is taught mainly in the anatomical sciences laboratory and based on comparison of similar joint systems between the upper and lower limb, to help students develop a deeper understanding of the functional and clinical anatomy of these regions. Anatomy and histology are integrated in laboratory classes throughout the module.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include:
- Practical laboratory classes
- Guided self-study
- Group work
- Patient-based learning
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Resources & Reading list
On the Blackboard Locomotor e-Learning: Online interactive resources including the Virtual Patient, the Interactive Radiological Anatomy Package, interactive anatomy, histology and pharmacology materials, and the Pathology Interactive Practicals (PiPs) are available on the LM e-learning page.
At the end of year 1, there is a synoptic examination comprised of a Written paper, an MCQ paper and a Practical paper (components) covering material from Foundations of Medicine, Locomotor, and Cardiopulmonary modules. There is compensation between these three components, however, a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components.
Students who fail any/all of these components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. Students who fail the supplementary examination will be offered a repeat year.
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
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This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.