The Locomotor course primarily focuses on the anatomy of the limbs and peripheral nervous system and the physiology and pathology of the locomotor system. The course is composed of four main themes: Bones & Joints, Movement & Exercise, Communication and Trauma. Each theme will introduce students to a range of integrated basic science and clinical disciplines related to these topics
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Describe the physical, psychological and social impact of trauma upon the nervous and locomotor systems
- Describe the sensory and motor pathways of the nervous system and their integration at the brain and spinal cord
- Describe the structure and function of the neuromuscular junction and explain the pharmacological effects of neuromuscular junction drugs and their effects on disease states such as myasthenia gravis
- Explain the responses of the body to exercise, the health benefits of physical activity and the public health issues surrounding nutrition and exercise
- Recognise the impact of disease and dysfunction of the locomotor and nervous systems on patients and their families and the scope of treatment and management options available within healthcare
- Interpret radiological images relevant to the normal anatomy of the upper and lower limbs
- Describe the structure, mechanism of contraction and metabolism of skeletal muscle
- Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
- Explain the biomechanics of the locomotor system including normal and abnormal patterns of gait
- Describe the structure and function of the nervous system in order to understand the pathological basis of diseases of the nervous and locomotor systems
- Describe the structure, development and pathophysiology of bone and cartilage
- Describe the structure and function of the upper and lower limbs and discuss the diseases and disorders that may result in the production of pain and disability
In order to meet the learning outcomes, the syllabus will contain teaching in the following areas:
Clinically relevant anatomy of the following regions:
- Body language and non-verbal communication
- Introduction to trauma
- Assessment of the seriously injured patient
- Physical activity and health
- Medical Genetics
- Inheritance in families
- Chromosome and DNA changes causing clinical phenotypes
- Genetic investigations
- A clinical introduction to Musculoskeletal disorders
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Peripheral nerve injury and peripheral neuropathy
- Physical activity and energy expenditure
- Proteins, bone growth and metabolism
- Proteins, amino acids and nitrogen balance
- Introduction to orthopaedic surgery
- Clinician’s perspective of gait
- Paediatric disorders of nervous and locomotor systems
- Wounds and fracture healing
- Bone disease
- Introduction to central and peripheral nervous system pathology
- Drug action at the neuromuscular junction
- Pharmacology of the Neuromuscular Junction
- Physiology of bone
- Muscle structure and contraction
- General physiology of the central and peripheral nervous systems
- Afferent and efferent transmission and reflexes
- Control of movement
- Bodies and minds: What is normal?
- Imaging of nervous and locomotor systems
- Disability and rehabilitation
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- The social model of disability
- Trauma, self and identity
The Locomotor (LM) module is built around four topic based weeks: ‘Bones and joints’; ‘Movement and exercise’; ‘Communication’ and ‘Trauma’. Anatomy, which constitutes a significant part of the module, is taught mainly in the anatomical sciences laboratory and based on comparison of similar joint systems between the upper and lower limb, to help students develop a deeper understanding of the functional and clinical anatomy of these regions. Anatomy and histology are integrated in laboratory classes throughout the module.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include:
- Tutor led tutorials
- Practical laboratory classes
- Guided self-study
- Group work (workshops)
- Patient based learning
|Practical classes and workshops||14|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||95.5|
|Total study time||187.5|
Resources & Reading list
Within Blackboard: The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List.
On the Blackboard Locomotor e-Learning: Online interactive resources including the Virtual Patient, the Interactive Radiological Anatomy Package, interactive anatomy, histology and pharmacology materials, and the Pathology Interactive Practicals (PiPs) are available on the LM e-learning page.
Palastanga N, Field D, Soames R. (2006). Anatomy and Human Movement: structure and function. Edinburgh: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Michael-Titus A, Revest P, Shortland P. (2007). The Nervous System: Basic science and conditions. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Lim EKS (ed). (2007). Medicine & Surgery: an integrated textbook. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
Schuenke M. (2006). Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: general anatomy and musculoskeletal system. Stuttgart: Thieme.
Willson S. (2006). What can the arts bring to medical training?. The Lancet 2006 Medicine and Creativity.
Knight S, Iqbal R. (2003). Muscles, Bones and Skin. Edinburgh: Mosby.
Sambrook P, Schrieber L, Taylor T, Ellis A. (2001). The Musculoskeletal System.. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
At the end of year 1, there is a synoptic examination comprised of Written, MCQ and Practical papers (components) covering material from Foundations of Medicine, Locomotor, and Cardiopulmonary modules. There is compensation between components, however, a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components.
Students who fail any/all of the components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. Students who fail the supplementary examination will be offered a repeat year.
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Multiple choice question
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
|Part I Assessment Schedule||100%|
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.