In the first part of this module we build on multivariate calculus studied in the first year and extend it to the calculus of scalar and vector functions of several variables. Line, surface and volume integrals are considered and a number of theorems involving these integrals (named after Gauss, Stokes and Green) will be discussed. In particular Green’s theorem, which gives a formula for the line integral of a vector field in the plane round a closed curve, is closely related to complex integration considered in the second part of the module. The integral theorems are also useful in many branches of Applied Mathematics and to describe physical quantities that vary in space and in time. For example, this module is a pre-requisite for MATH2044, Fields and fluids, where these methods are used to describe the behaviour of fluids and of electromagnetic fields.
In the second part of this module, we extend our investigation of calculus to functions of a complex variable, once again building on the material studied in the first year. This theory has both great aesthetic appeal and a large number of applications. We focus here on the integration of these functions, particularly along curves in the complex plane. We develop the basic theory and ideas of the integration of a function of a complex variable, use the main theorems such as Cauchy’s theorem and the Cauchy integral formula, and explore some of their consequences, such as the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra and the evaluation of real integrals.
Pre-requisites: (MATH1048 AND MATH1056) OR (MATH1048 AND MATH1059 AND MATH1060) OR (MATH1006 AND MATH1007)